In the first four months of this year (March 21 to July 22), the Customs Administration (Erica) announced that it has increased 95% of the transit volume of Iranian goods through Iran’s land borders. Economic growth in Iran is highly dependent on the development of customs and port infrastructure. The same thing is happening in China these days. Although China is the world’s second largest economy, this year has focused heavily on the growth and development of its port infrastructure. Iran should have entered this field a long time ago. But it seems that whenever action is taken, it will benefit the Iranian economy. We will deal with this issue in the following. Please be with Artan Press.
*** Volume of Iran’s transit through land borders
Mehdi Mir Ashrafi, spokesman for Iran’s customs, said that in a period of four months, 3.753 million tons of goods have been transited through the country’s land borders. As previously announced by an IRICA spokesperson, last year the Iranian calendar (end of March 20) transited 7.532 million tons of goods through Iran, despite restrictions imposed by the coronavirus epidemic. According to Ruhollah Latifi, the transit of goods through Iran has decreased by only 67 tons or 0.8% compared to the year before 1398 (March 2019-March 2020).
*** Negative outlook regarding Iran’s transit volume in previous years
The volume of transportation has been achieved despite the fact that this figure was expected to decrease significantly in the year. Iran is one of the countries that has a special position in trade and transit relations due to its strategic location and geography, because this country is the gateway to several important international corridors. In the south of Iran is the Persian Gulf, which is the main location of the world’s major oil producers.
This region is the world’s energy bottleneck. In the north of Iran is the Caspian Sea, which is the best bridge between Iran, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan and can play an important role in trade between these countries. On the other hand, it borders Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan and Afghanistan from the west and east.
*** Iran’s strategic position in the region and optimism about the growth of Iran’s transit volume
Iran communicates with 15 countries through land and water borders and at the same time can act as a bridge between these countries (with each other and other parts of the world). These countries have large populations and high incomes that can be effective as a factor in the development of transit and trade in the region. The connection of Central Asian countries with the Persian Gulf, as well as the establishment of trade relations between East Asia and European countries through Iran, is very cost-effective, so that many of these countries seek to establish such relations through Iran.
This situation has provided the country with many opportunities that can be used optimally through the development of reliable and efficient transportation network and communications, Iran can achieve foreign exchange earnings and economic growth and transit income as a suitable alternative to Consider oil exports. Improve your strategic position in the region
*** Iran’s plans to develop port and customs infrastructure
Due to its geographical location, Iran can play a significant role in the transit of goods in the region and benefit greatly from its position in this field. The country has many plans in place to take full advantage of its transit position, and its agenda is to increase its transport capacity.
Some of these programs include the development of Shahid Rajaei Port, the largest and most equipped container port in Iran in the south, as well as Chabahar Port in the southeast of the country, connecting ports to the railway network, developing transit through railways, and others. Customs measures such as improving transit methods at customs offices.