Every year in January and February, the country’s labor laws are planned for next year. This issue affects the macro and micro perspective of the Iranian economy. About 60% of the population is covered by the labor insurance law and a certain level of welfare The country can be identified based on this wage. Therefore, in this note, we will discuss the do’s and don’ts of wage in 1400. Please be with Artan Press.
*** The cornerstone of ignoring the opinions of labor representatives
About fifty-eight percent of the population, that is, 14 million 494 thousand insured workers and their families, are waiting for the meetings of the 1400 wage committee, which goes from yesterday until the end of the year to the battlefield of labor and employer representatives ( Which has the government on its front). This is despite the fact that last year the cornerstone was ignored by the opinions of labor representatives; Where the bill approving the wage increase was signed without the signatures of the representatives of the underprivileged.
In a country where inflation is always ahead, like our country where we experienced 35% inflation and even this year when we experienced 70% inflation, especially in the discussion of dairy products and basic goods, the worker’s wage is always one year behind, that is, now his wage is set. The increase is based on inflation that occurred last year.
The fact of the matter is that food prices have increased by 200% in the first nine months of this year. How can a worker’s wage not increase? Our approach is that in terms of livelihood we should give the worker the minimum of life.
*** Determining the wages of workers for the year 1400 on a regional basis
Another issue that is part of the do’s and don’ts of the 1400 wage rate is that the determination of workers’ wages for the year 1400 is not regional. The Labor and Employment Research Center, in collaboration with representatives of the Workers’ and Employers’ Council and the Wages Committee of the Supreme Labor Council, has been negotiating for several months to consider the regional, sectoral and thematic payment of workers’ salaries and benefits.
The outcome of the negotiations indicates that the necessary infrastructure for the implementation of this law is not provided. The legal duty of the Wage Council is to determine the minimum wage and has no involvement in determining other wage levels and the minimum wage. The minimum wage is the basis for the payment of insurance and other measures that are in line with the Social Security Organization. The determination of workers’ wages for the year 1400 cannot be based on the issue of regional and wage payments.
*** Wage restoration meeting of the year 99
Corona restrictions and the record-breaking inflation of the cold months of ’99 have so targeted workers’ livelihoods that, among low wages, they have to provide for many of their basic necessities and livelihoods in order to make a living. However, after each restriction, prices are multiplied to pay for the holidays in the pockets of the workers.
In the meantime, however, the whispers of the 99th wage restoration meeting have been heard for months; But not only this meeting has not been held, we are gradually approaching the end of the year and only a short distance from March; The High Labor Council’s decision on next year’s wage rate remains. It seems that we are going little by little so that the workers, who are deprived of everything, forget this meeting so that the government, as the great employer of the country, does not leave the employers’ representatives behind.
In the second half of the year, a wage restoration session was supposed to be held, but it is not held under various pretexts. This is while many other unnecessary meetings are held. The demand of the working community is that this meeting be held before the end of the year, because as the end of the year approaches, they will determine the salary of 1400 with a certain percentage, and unfortunately, this backlog and wage gap, which we unfortunately have from previous years, is bigger. And will go deeper.
*** End-of-year employee bonus amount
Next year’s budget circular, which was announced by the President to the executive bodies, provides for the amount of the end-of-year bonus for employees, or Eid, amounting to one million and 500 thousand Tomans, the final approval of which has been postponed to the Cabinet for approval. The approved amount of Eid in the budget of 1399 was one million and 200 thousand tomans.
The number of employees ‘Eid in 1398 was predicted to be one million and 78 thousand Tomans, which finally at the time of approval of payment, 120 thousand Tomans was added due to the increase in employees’ salaries and the amount of Eid should be paid accordingly.
*** Budget deficit plagues workers’ wage growth
The government budget deficit in 1400 is estimated to be three times what was estimated from the 1399 budget deficit. Meanwhile, the government intends to increase oil sales to more than 4 times its estimate in 1399 next year. In the budget bill submitted by the government to the parliament, the government’s forecast of the budget deficit in 1400 is almost 3 times the amount it had estimated for 1399.
On the other hand, the 312% growth of the government’s estimate of oil sales caused the net capital assets to be forecasted 4 times its amount in 1399. Since these changes are not only related to specific sections, in order to describe the budget situation in the next year in more detail, its details and changes compared to 1399 will be discussed in more detail.
*** Government revenue forecast for the year 1400
In the field of revenue, the government’s forecast for the next year is estimated at 317 thousand and 596 billion tomans, which has increased by about 21.66% compared to 1399. This figure was estimated at 261,052 billion tomans last year. The increase in the government’s estimate of its revenues in 1400 owes much to the two most important parts of revenue. Taxes and sales of goods and services.
The government plans to receive 247,945 billion tomans of its revenue next year Earn taxes. The point is that this figure is 27.15 percent higher than its equivalent in the previous year. Since 78% of government revenues this year belong to this sector, 21.66% of revenues can be searched in this sector.
Of course, in these calculations, the growth recorded in the sale of goods and services can not be ignored. Equivalent to 29.12% Another noteworthy point in this sector is the large negative growth that is observed in the revenue from crime and damages. This sector has decreased by negative 85% compared to the previous year. It seems that the government has tried to moderate the resources of this sector, considering the possibility of opening it.
*** Narration of expenses in the 1400 budget
The government budget for next year is estimated to be 73% higher than in 1399. The government forecasts its expenditures in 1400 digits equivalent to 637 thousand and 11 billion tomans, the highest growth in this sector is related to “other expenditures” and has almost doubled compared to the previous year. In this regard, the largest share of government revenues is paid by government employees at a rate equivalent to 32.8 percent. The growth of this sector compared to the previous year was 85.5%.
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