The issue of air pollution in Tehran and other metropolises of Iran is an issue that has become the most important concern of people in recent days because according to the latest medical studies on the behavior of the corona virus, this disease has a more harmful function in polluted air. On the other hand, pollution is an issue that leads to the closure of markets. On the other hand, this issue also has economic effects. The issue here is the lack of work and tastelessness of city managers and municipal employees in metropolitan areas, which has created the problem of air pollution. Please be with Artan Press until the end.
*** Unsuccessful implementation of traffic plan in controlling air pollution
Unfortunately, the implementation of the traffic plan has not improved the traffic situation and pollution as it should. Managers’ concerns about the possible escalation of air pollution have led them to refrain from making effective traffic decisions on how to implement the traffic plan. The urban fleet network was not high, which, of course, was reasonable given the reports of crowds in the urban transport fleet and the poor management of the municipality.
This year, the air quality index has improved compared to last year. But the reasons for this improvement were not structural. Unfortunately, the use of diesel fuel last year and this year was not much different. Right now, despite the implementation of the traffic plan, with a 50% discount, the air quality index has improved significantly compared to last year.
*** Tehran is under heavy air pollution
Pollution in Tehran has been plaguing the city for about a month, and the security measures taken by the municipality and the governor’s office have not met the dire conditions of pollution in Tehran. By the order of the governor, a meeting of the emergency committee will be held tomorrow. In the current situation and according to the latest statistics of the Environment Department, the average air quality in Tehran is currently in an unsatisfactory condition with an index of 164, and these conditions in the major metropolises of the world provide the ground for closure and entering emergency situations.
Iran is in a situation where other metropolises of the country are not in a favorable situation in terms of air pollution. . In the capital, despite the relative decline in intercity travel due to coronary restrictions, “air pollution” has intensified and the concentration of a pollutant that has little to do with cars has “irrationally increased.”
*** Air pollution shutdowns reached Isfahan
According to the announcement of the Air Pollution Emergency Coordination Working Group, government agencies, public non-governmental organizations and banks have been closed in 10 cities of Isfahan province, and this shows that the issue of pollution has penetrated into all cities of Iran and should be considered as Deal with a national threat. Of course, it is necessary to explain that the service, relief and medical devices have not been shut down so that the service process will not be challenged.
*** First Critique of Pollution; Fuel oil consumption
In the current situation, the first critique of pollution in Tehran and other metropolises is related to fuel oil consumption. Fuel oil is a factory-based construction that is used in old and sometimes traditional power plants and factories in Iran as fuel and actuators for generators. Some industries have shifted to fuel oil to charge air pollution. These conditions have been so damaging that the letter of protest of the officials to the two ministers regarding the consumption of these products and the escalation of pollution has followed.
Some may see the reason for the decrease in pollution this year compared to the same as last year in the difference between the price of gasoline and fuel carriers. But the problem of pollution in the current situation does not end there. In the current situation, the leading role of car pollution production has changed to fixed sources around the capital. This issue has been so big and undeniable that in the second half of this year, the air pollution in the capital increased strangely and suspiciously.
*** Is there an alternative to diesel fuel?
The issue of pollution in Tehran is not a complicated issue. The face of the issue is very clear and the solution is equally clear and ready. The sulfur dioxide emissions index jumped a record from an average of 30 in the first half of the year to 65. Despite this emergency, the authorities have taken normal action. Imposing some restrictions on overnight travel, as well as telecommuting many employees and closing classrooms in schools and universities, have been approaches that have not been taken to replace fuel oil and other products derived from this chemical.
Fuel oil is a substance that is not imported for rent in many countries, and therefore Iran has its hands tied to selling it. Unfortunately, due to the high price of gas in some power plants, the use of fuel oil has become a cost-effective approach, and power plants are interested in using fuel oil to compensate for their production costs. So far, two possible scenarios for aggravation of pollution, namely the use of fuel oil inside due to its non-export, as well as the widespread use of this fuel instead of gas in power plants have been largely denied.
*** Poor quality diesels also fuel the train
Another issue to consider is the issue of poor quality diesel along with fuel oil in industry. Poor quality diesels are rich in sulfur derivatives that can behave like fuel oil after burning. Given that the sulfur dioxide in the air, which has risen in recent days in the capital, could be due to both fuel oil and diesel burning, and regulators are not able to separate the two sources of pollution, this scenario can be in mind that sulfur diesel was the main culprit of air pollution
The issue of rising sulfur in the air of the capital is not an issue that goes back to the high rate of use of private vehicles. This issue completely shows the low performance of Tehran Municipality in this field and of course environmental organizations are also involved in this issue. Delays and delays of Tehran city officials in making a quick decision to end the use of sulfur fuels in industries, refineries and power plants around Tehran have led to a new record of increasing the concentration of sulfur dioxide in the capital and intensifying air pollution in recent hours.
*** Impact of environmental risks on economic factors
The issue of air pollution is not just an environmental and health problem. This dilemma can easily overshadow the economic and business equations of society. These days, one of the main reasons for the increase in housing prices, according to many experts and officials in the field of housing, is construction materials, especially cement and rebar. As the cost of building a home rises, the builder will inevitably have to offer high prices for sale.
In the stagnant housing market these days, rising material prices are also an issue that has challenged builders and the supply chain. While these days, along with the closure of many factories due to air pollution, we are witnessing a significant increase in the price of construction materials, including cement.
*** The impact of air pollution on housing prices
The question may be, how can air pollution drive housing prices? In response, it should be said that a few days ago, the Tehran Gas Company announced in a news item that due to the increase in gas consumption in the country, the gas of some factories has been cut off.
This is a grammatical measure to meet the needs of citizens in the cold days of the year, and this is an issue that we face every year and is a factor that puts the housing market into a phase of severe recession in the second half of the year. Evidence shows that After a week, the gas of these factories has not been connected yet, and this has caused a significant reduction in some construction materials, including cement, in some cities.
The growth of cement has not happened alone and we are witnessing the growth of other steel and iron products in the market due to the problems caused by air pollution. According to housing builders and mass builders, now the price of cement in the bag market has reached between 50,000 and 60,000 tomans, which has doubled compared to previous months.
*** Iranians are the leaders in natural gas consumption in the world
If we look at energy consumption indicators in Iran from a macro perspective, we will see that gas consumption in Iran does not imitate a logical pattern. The country’s gas consumption is very high compared to the world, about 620 million cubic meters per day. Meanwhile, the whole of Europe, with a population of 450 million, is slightly more than twice as large as Iran. Unfortunately, in addition to giving a yellow card to the industrial sector in the country, we need to create a rich culture regarding energy consumption.
The country’s energy infrastructure is not in a position to meet both urban and industrial energy needs. Therefore, increasing gas consumption due to cold causes a decrease in the amount of gas delivered to power plants. This strongly affects the performance of steel and mining companies, and it quickly takes into account the impact of industrial and construction markets in the country.
Unfortunately, the alternative fuel strategy must be abolished in the country’s industries and power plants. This substitution inflicts heavy blows on the living environment. Power plants must use alternative fuels to generate electricity in the face of limited access to diesel. Alternative fuel is diesel. Fuel oil is highly polluting in the current situation and doubles the pollution caused by fuel oil due to the heavy conditions for inversions and aggravation of air pollution.
*** Growth of urban pollution index in metropolises
In the 24 hours leading up to noon yesterday, while Tehran’s air pollution index was at 158 and in unhealthy conditions, it seems that Tehran city officials are spending some time in the capital’s air emergency and the mystery of increasing sulfur pollution in Tehran’s air by Governments and officials of the capital are watching
Green economy is one of the important issues that will play a key role in the future of the world economy and the development of countries. This new concept is closely related to the studied practices in sustainable development to the extent that it can be said that sustainable development is not defined outside the framework of green economy and rotational economy. Research today shows that if the world’s economies do not move from using fossil fuels and environmentally friendly sources to renewable and clean energy, survival on Earth will not be possible for the leading population by 2050 (lack of resources and food For future populations).
این مطلب بدون برچسب می باشد.