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    Possibility of reducing non-oil exports to $ 30 billion

    شناسه : 26638 27 مرداد 1399 - 11:04
    Considering that the export prices of materials such as iron ore, concentrate and copper decreased by about 40% during the first quarter of this year and the prices of raw materials and minerals also decreased, it seems that our non-oil exports To be reduced to more than $ 30 billion by the end of the year.On the other hand, 80% of non-oil exports are done by state-owned companies that are state-owned and private and are connected to various foundations. Therefore, the private sector is responsible for only 20% of non-oil exports, and if this sector has not returned even 20% of the foreign exchange earned from exports, which is certainly not the case, about 8 to 10 billion dollars of foreign exchange has been returned to the country by the private sector. The return of this amount of currency can not be so effective in reducing non-oil exports.
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    The head of the Iran-China Joint Chamber of Commerce said: “Considering that the export prices of materials such as iron ore, concentrate and copper decreased by about 40% during the first quarter of this year and the prices of raw materials and minerals also decreased, it seems that our non-oil exports To be reduced to more than $ 30 billion by the end of the year.

    On the other hand, 80% of non-oil exports are done by state-owned companies that are state-owned and private and are connected to various foundations. Therefore, the private sector is responsible for only 20% of non-oil exports, and if this sector has not returned even 20% of the foreign exchange earned from exports, which is certainly not the case, about 8 to 10 billion dollars of foreign exchange has been returned to the country by the private sector. The return of this amount of currency can not be so effective in reducing non-oil exports.

     

    *** Exports decreased in the first four months of this year

    Regarding the reasons for the decrease in exports in the first four months of this year compared to the same period last year, Majid Reza Hariri said: Before addressing the reasons for the decrease in exports, it is necessary to mention that our country’s trade balance has always been negative minus oil. This is not a new thing, and only in recent years, and all of it, the country’s trade balance has been positive for only a year, at which time I believed that this is not a special honor and is short-lived and fleeting.

    He added: “It is a fact that the country cannot be run without oil, and it is also a fact that our non-oil exports do not suffice to import the required goods.”

    The head of the Iran-China Chamber of Commerce said: “Of course, it should be noted that the country’s imports have been steadily declining over the past four years and its amount has decreased each year compared to the previous year.”

    Hariri stressed that the decline in exports in the first four months of this year compared to the same period last year had various reasons: “One of the unmistakable reasons for the decline in exports is the impact of the corona.”

    “Worldwide trade between countries has fallen by about 30 percent, and our country is certainly no exception to this decline in exports due to the spread of the corona; Because of the closure of the borders, after the outbreak of the Corona virus, the possibility of exporting was practically eliminated

     

    *** ۷۵% of Iran’s non-oil trade with only 7 countries

    The head of the Iran-China Joint Chamber of Commerce stated: 75% of our exports and imports are made to only 7 countries, including China, Iraq, Afghanistan, UAE, India, etc., and in the field of non-oil exports, more than 50% of exports. We are in the two markets of Iraq and China, which all show the vulnerability of our exports.

    “When something like Corona affects our trade so much, it’s because our export strategy has been to focus more on trade and export relations with neighboring countries due to political pressures, in other words,” Hariri said. We have placed the burden of non-oil exports on our neighbors, and so when the borders of neighboring countries are closed due to the corona, our exports are severely damaged as a result.

    He said that about 70% of Iran’s exports come from petroleum products such as gas, condensate, petrochemicals, raw materials and minerals. This means that even if our exports are by weight equal to last year’s exports of these items, our exports will be reduced in value.

     

    *** Predict to reduce non-oil exports to $ 30 billion

    The head of the Iran-China Chamber of Commerce, noting that the export prices of materials such as iron ore, concentrate and copper fell by about 40 percent in the first quarter of this year and the prices of raw materials and minerals also decreased, said: Our non-oil exports are expected to reach more than $ 30 billion by the end of the year.

    Hariri stressed that it is not possible to export oil due to sanctions: “Therefore, the reduction of export revenues will be a serious warning for the economic situation of the country, which must be heeded.”

    He added: “We need at least $ 45 billion in foreign exchange annually to operate production lines, import commodities, import drugs and medical equipment, which, given that oil sales and exports cannot be counted on this year, seems to be achieving.” This figure is not possible.

    The head of the Iran-China Joint Chamber of Commerce said: “Restrictions on export markets make our exports fragile; Because for whatever reason we lose any of the export markets, our exports will be immediately disrupted and the whole economic process of the country will be in trouble.

     

    *** Exporters should not use the new instructions of the Central Bank as an excuse

    Emphasizing the need to return the export currency, Hariri said: “If the export currency does not return to the country, that export will not benefit the country.”

    In response to the question whether the recent orders of the Central Bank on the return of foreign exchange from exports have also affected the reduction of exports and the exit of exporters from the export cycle, he reminded: No, exporters should not use this as an excuse for non-return of foreign exchange.

    The head of the Iran-China Joint Chamber of Commerce stated: It should be noted that 80% of non-oil exports are done by state-owned companies that are state-owned and private and are connected to various foundations. Therefore, the private sector is responsible for only 20% of non-oil exports, and if this sector has not returned even 20% of the currency from exports to the country, which is definitely

    That is not the case, about $ 8 billion to $ 10 billion in foreign exchange has been returned to the country by the private sector, and the non-return of this amount of currency will not be so effective in reducing non-oil exports.

    According to a report from Fars, Hariri concluded: “If exports are made and the resulting currency is used to buy smuggled goods or buy houses in Turkey, Canada and Europe, it is better not to do these exports, because it will not benefit the country.”

     

    Metals Online

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