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    Integrated intelligence is the key to the transformation of the steel industry

    شناسه : 26874 28 مرداد 1399 - 12:11
    The steel industry, as one of the key industries in the global economy, will undergo dramatic changes in the coming years. Moving towards the use of new technologies in the steel industry will bring many benefits to both producers and consumers of this precious metal. However, it seems that these developments in the country's policies need special attention in order not to fall behind this important convoy. Khuzestan Steel Company, as one of the largest steel producers in the country, is trying to move towards the use of advanced technologies, in line with the latest technology in the world.
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    In terms of application, dimensions and chemical analysis, heavy transportation systems, accumulation and harvesting of materials and unloading and loading systems, warehousing, etc., he pointed out that the only way to effectively manage these complex systems and overcome human limitations, intelligence and It is the digitization of companies.

    Over the next few years, business process smartening is expected to revolutionize the world’s industries. The steel industry, as one of the key industries in the global economy, will undergo dramatic changes in the coming years. Moving towards the use of new technologies in the steel industry will bring many benefits to both producers and consumers of this precious metal. However, it seems that these developments in the country’s policies need special attention in order not to fall behind this important convoy. Khuzestan Steel Company, as one of the largest steel producers in the country, is trying to move towards the use of advanced technologies, in line with the latest technology in the world.

    *** The Fourth Industrial Revolution

    Mohsen Shiri Babadi wrote: The first industrial revolution began with the invention of the steam engine and its effects, and then the second industrial revolution was formed with the establishment of factories and mass production lines. In the next step, the third industrial revolution was conceptualized with the advent of computers and the use of the Internet, and now the fourth industrial revolution is taking shape with a focus on intelligent human-machine and machine-to-machine interactions as well as new process developments. It should be noted that the fourth industrial revolution is based on the third industrial revolution and there is a close relationship between them. What makes the difference is the difference in speed, flexibility, responsiveness, impact range, improving information accuracy, intelligence development, digitalization, advanced automation, moving towards integration, duplication and more valuable data, information and knowledge. Has been acquired.

    Therefore, it can be said that the Fourth Industrial Revolution will definitely bring about dramatic changes in the steel industry. Intelligence and the use of new technologies enable steel companies to increase productivity, make maintenance more efficient, minimize their inventory levels, and move toward meeting customer demands and expectations with great agility. . This approach also creates the ability to make information about steel production and consumption available to producers and consumers in a completely transparent environment.

    *** The Fourth Industrial Revolution and the Future of Steel

    The value chain of steel and other base metals has its own issues and complexities, including the existence of large investments, continuous production lines, interlocking net systems, special safety arrangements, specialized laboratories and quality control, and a variety of products. In terms of application, dimensions and chemical analysis, heavy transportation systems, accumulation and harvesting of materials and unloading and loading systems, warehousing, etc., he pointed out that the only way to effectively manage these complex systems and overcome human limitations, intelligence and It is the digitization of companies.

    This means that steelmakers can use state-of-the-art technology to control their processes with high precision and save time, money and other organizational resources by making timely optimizations. Given the above, manufacturers in the near future can provide different services to consumers in terms of quantity and quality, and these interactions will eventually lead to increased demand and supply-side development.

    *** Quantitative and qualitative services

    Considering the possibility of predicting the optimal price and amount of production and sales with advanced algorithms, the use of 3D printing in the manufacture and production of parts, equipment and tools, IoT, location recognition technologies, advanced human-machine relationships, validation and security enhancement, sensors Intelligent, mobile devices, cloud computing, augmented reality, self-control devices and cars, etc. We can hope that significant changes in quality management and production efficiency, productivity in maintenance and repair, transparency in human resources, supply chain management, Reduce shipping and warehousing costs, reduce risk, upgrade customer relationship system, increase accuracy, precision and speed in financial processes, optimize utilization, energy and water carriers, safety, health and environment and rapid progress of actions and projects. In this case, we can see a reduction in cost, optimal sales of products and services, followed by an increase in profit margins of the organization.

    *** The effects of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on the demand and consumption of steel

    The Fourth Industrial Revolution, in addition to revolutionizing steelmaking processes, will have far-reaching effects on steel demand and consumption, which are currently changing patterns. These changes include the use of electric vehicles and automobiles in the automotive industry, smart ships, the emergence of digital and environmentally friendly metropolises, special uses in the military and aerospace industries, highly advanced buildings and structures, high-speed trains, and modern agriculture. , Medical engineering, etc. pointed out that these cases themselves require new transportation, optimization of material composition, efficient recycling, control of production processes, supply and sale with the help of intelligent technology, robotics and advanced automation, light and ultra-light steels with special alloys And … are.

    Of course, it is not far-fetched that in the future, organizations and scientific and research institutes with the help of mass production and development of advanced materials, special composites and ultra-light and high-strength materials as a substitute for steel, will reduce its consumption.

    Despite the high importance of smartening production processes, in Iran so far, appropriate activities and planning in this field have been done in a limited way.

    And it needs to move forward more seriously and quickly with policy-making in this area. Upstream institutions and policymakers need to make intelligent studies of the way forward and its requirements, and clearly outline the country’s steel industry strategies for steel companies so that they, too, can adapt their business models and operating patterns over time.

    *** The main challenges facing the country’s steel industry

    The following are the main challenges facing the country’s steel industry in the path of technological development and alignment with other steel producers:

    Insufficient access to modern technologies in the field of the fourth industrial revolution;
    Lack of specialized and experienced human resources in the field of using new technologies;
    Lack of a comprehensive and integrated plan in the country’s steel industry chain with the theme of the fourth industrial revolution;
    Unclear progress of steel companies and lack of necessary knowledge in this field;
    Weaknesses in infrastructure, network, hardware and software in the field of information and communication technology;
    Need to spend a lot of resources and high cost of replacing or adapting old and new systems;
    Fear of facing change and lack of confidence to move in this direction.
    A step towards smartening

    Other programs of the company include the development and integration of content management, the establishment of new technologies in the field of information and communication technology, closer cooperation with universities, research centers and science and technology parks, and the development of a roadmap for the development of intelligent business systems.

    *** New technologies in the production lines of Khuzestan Steel Company

    Over the past years, Khuzestan Steel Company, by focusing on the strategic goals of transformation in information systems and integrated automation, as well as the integration of communication infrastructure and data center, has been able to properly use new technologies in its production lines. For example, we can mention the use of advanced programming algorithms in the process of steelmaking and melt production, implementation of monitoring systems, implementation of wireless umbrellas, design of management dashboards, development of mobile application systems, and so on. The company seeks to be able to provide maximum coverage for its processes by integrated information systems in the coming years, as well as to expand industrial automation widely across the organization.

    As mentioned earlier, the issue of manpower training is one of the main challenges of the country’s steel industry in the face of the fourth industrial revolution. In this regard, Khuzestan Steel Company, by learning from effective international models and large and prominent foreign and domestic companies, as well as with the help of prominent consultants, has been able to increase the level of maturity of the training needs assessment process of its employees to a desirable level.

    Also by adopting approaches such as knowledge management, participatory systems, access to Internet resources, attending scientific and specialized exhibitions and seminars, virtual and distance education, visiting leading foreign companies, providing an experimental environment, access to world-renowned scientific resources and Collaborate with universities, research centers and institutes to empower their human capital as the only unrivaled and unrepresentable element in today’s competitive age.

    Metals Online

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