An important question has arisen in today’s market, and that is why the housing rate has not fallen due to the fall in the prices of dollars and gold and other parallel markets, and the evacuation of the housing bubble has stopped in the current situation? In this regard, we should mention the two issues of not receiving taxes from vacant houses and rising non-consumption demand. If the issue of taxes on vacant houses is important to you, we suggest that you do not miss this article from Atan Press.
*** Stop emptying the housing bubble
According to the Central Bank, the downward trend in housing prices has stopped after a month-long acceleration in the current situation. The price level of apartments in 8 districts of Tehran is still decreasing; But the average price shows a monthly growth of less than 2%.
Traces of the two defendants can be seen in disrupting the price bubble evacuation series. The birth of a new group of non-consumer demand indicates that the competitive market interest rate is not attractive. The second defendant refers to the zero tax on property hoarding, which has created a fake safe haven for investments. Three groups of buyers led to the growth of January transactions.
*** Two million people own an extra house in Iran
More than 1.8 million people own more than one home, of which 1.3 million have sent self-declared text messages to determine the status of their property. Tax rates are set in such a way that the majority of people do not seem to prefer to keep their homes empty. To authenticate the owners and residents of the houses, the real estate system will be connected to the registry office soon.
*** Tax on luxury homes next to vacant houses
In addition to the tax on vacant housing, the issue of tax on luxury housing is also on the agenda of the parliament. Following the approval and summary of the Social Commission and the efforts of the representatives in the Joint Commission, it was approved today that 20% of the tax revenues on luxury and expensive housing units, which will be a significant amount to build housing for clients of the Welfare Organization and the Imam Relief Committee.
*** Acceptable tax impact on vacant houses
The empty housing tax scheme is an attractive and effective issue that can transform the housing market, especially in big cities. At the beginning, this plan was presented in the parliament with some objections, which were finally approved by the Guardian Council after the amendments, and with these interpretations, this plan was one step closer to implementation, and only to notify the president to become law. And needs an execution order by him. In the current situation, this path is expected to start quickly and, in addition to balancing housing prices, will account for part of government revenues.
*** Implement the empty house tax plan in one step
As the plan is on the Guardian Council’s agenda, it is likely to take effect by the end of this year. The plan calls for heavy taxes to be levied on the owners of 2.5 million vacant homes in the country. The vacant home tax scheme has been in place for several years but has not been implemented. It is predicted that with the increase in the risk of maintaining vacant houses and on the other hand, many of the advantages of these properties, we will see falling prices and reduced resistance of property owners to mortgage and rent, and in this situation, tenants have more choices to choose suitable housing. They will have more.
*** Different orientations for housing tax plan
Since the day this plan came into being and the rumors of its implementation have become stronger, this plan has been praised and criticized a lot. Some housing market activists believe that this plan in the short term and up to two years after implementation can be effective as a tool to control prices and in the long run cause more inflation in the housing market and price growth and the price revolution in This will launch the market. Others, however, believe that the housing market needs a short-term shock to be able to adjust.
*** How to calculate vacant houses tax
The latest decision on how to calculate the tax on vacant houses, for example, for an area of ۱۰۰ meters, the rental value set for a month will be 4 million tomans. From this amount, 25% of depreciation will be deducted, which will be 3 million Tomans, which will be taxed at 450 thousand Tomans for one month. Now, if this house remains empty for one month after the prescribed concession days (120 days), it will be 6 times 450 One thousand tomans, that is, two million and 700 thousand tomans, must pay the tax on an empty house for one month. Which remains empty for one year (12 months), becomes thirty-two million and 400 thousand tomans.
If this vacancy continues for the second year, assuming the rental value remains the same (40,000 Tomans per meter) for 1401, 12 times 450,000 Tomans, ie 5,400,000 Tomans per month, the empty house tax must be paid. For one year, it becomes sixty-four million and 800 thousand tomans.
*** Comprehensive vacancy tax plan
The important point of this policy is that the housing tax plan includes all cities of the country and its inclusion does not end in the capital and other big cities. The plan instructions state that if more than twelve months have elapsed since the end of the construction operation (for new units) or more than six months have elapsed since the last transfer or last residence time (for non-new units), it is taxable in the first year. Each month doubles the monthly rental value of the property, which in future years will be 50% higher than the previous year. This tax will be applied to all cities from the second year of implementation.
*** Assign vacant houses with items
In this method, regarding the properties whose ownership status has not been specified for justified reasons, such as residential units that cannot be sold or rented by the relevant legal authorities. They are not habitable, they are not subject to the tax subject to this article until the settlement of the lawsuits or they can be habitable. Topics covered.
*** Prerequisite for successful implementation of vacant houses tax plan
Since this plan has become mandatory, the challenges and bottlenecks of its implementation must be identified before implementation. One of the important points in designing market mechanisms and policies is to recognize the implementation challenges of regulatory programs. Regarding the taxation of vacant houses, several studies have identified cases, which, of course, are listed under its broader basis, ie any vacant property and not just a residential house.
For the successful implementation of this plan, special attention must be paid to the economic and social issues of the city and the region, so that no one’s rights are lost. In the taxation of vacant properties, the economic and social situation of the region plays a key role in the usefulness or ineffectiveness of taxes in achieving its goals.
*** Speculators look at the empty housing business
In cities with rapid economic growth as well as high population growth, vacant homes are more likely to be maintained for speculative purposes, and as a result, in addition to other antecedents to counter speculation, empty house taxes will be useful to increase their maintenance costs. But in cities that are not growing economically and whose population is not growing much, the tax on vacant homes will be inefficient. Overall, the above points indicate that in order to design an effective policy package to address the problem of vacant homes, enforcement and legal mechanisms must be developed in such a way that they face the least friction in the face of the above challenges.
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