Turkish crude steel production has grown significantly in recent years. Turkey was one of the countries that was able to maintain its production level during the Corona pandemic. The decline in crude steel production in Turkey was limited and intermittent. For this reason, we see good reports from this country in this section. In the following, we will evaluate the production of crude steel in this country. Please be with Artan Press.
*** Impressive performance in Turkish crude steel production
While global crude steel production fell by 1% in 2020 due to US and EU safeguards as well as the Corona epidemic, Turkish crude steel production rose 6% to 35.8 million tonnes. A report published by the Turkish Institute of Auditing, Tax Services and Consulting KPMG shows that Turkey has completed 2020 as the European leader in crude steel production.
The country’s crude steel production in the first six months of 2021 increased by almost 20 percent and its export value increased by 50 percent. One of the most important reasons why Turkey was able to achieve this position was that its mines and steel mills were not completely shut down despite a pandemic, and with separate shifts and compliance with protocols and, of course, accepting the risk of this issue, crude steel production began. Was done. During this period, Turkish crude steel has been able to gain wide export markets.
*** Turkish crude steel production record last year
Turkey’s crude steel production record has been very successful last year. In 2020, only Turkey, China, Vietnam, Russia and Iran showed growth in crude steel production. Crude steel production fell 10 to 20 percent in the United States, Japan, Germany, Italy and India. The main reason for the growth of Turkish crude steel production was that China, which quickly returned to pre-epidemic performance, focused on its domestic market and reduced its exports.
Thus, Turkey exported significant quantities to the Far East and Southeast Asia markets. Another issue was that Turkey’s great risk of not closing its mines and steel industries at the height of the epidemic was somehow answered. During this period, the country was able to control its production and counting of steel by observing conservative protocols.
*** Obstacles that Turkish Steel overcame
For the past three years, the Turkish steel industry has struggled with customs barriers, increased customs duties and quotas imposed by the United States and the European Union. In March 2018, the United States sentenced all countries to an additional 25 percent tariff on steel imports, and in August 2018, that amount doubled for Turkey. Although additional duties for Turkey were eliminated in May 2019 and reduced to 25 percent, Turkish crude steel exports to the United States in 2019 fell to almost one-fifth of the volume of the previous year.
In recent years, the European Union has accounted for 50% of Turkey’s foreign steel exports. After all these quotas and customs duties, the share of Turkish crude steel industry exports to the European Union and the United States fell to a total of 35%. Turkey tried to offset the contraction by finding new markets or increasing its presence in weak markets. The Far East, Southeast Asia, Africa and South America have recently become alternative markets for the Turkish steel industry.
*** Implementation of penetration strategy in Turkish crude steel production
Turkey has shown that its market penetration strategy in the steel industry has worked. Turkish domestic market analysts have commented on this. Mr. Yدldیرrیمm said he expects Turkish crude steel production this year to easily reach 2017-2018 or even exceed 40 million tons, given the performance of the Turkish steel industry in the first six months of this year.
According to the report, China will continue to dominate the steel industry in terms of prices, production and consumption in the coming years, with a share of more than 50% in global crude steel production. Meanwhile, the United States, Japan, Germany and India are expected to continue their protectionist policies for some time to compensate for their losses during the epidemic. This will be to the benefit of Turkish industry in the medium term.
*** World Steel Association look at Turkish production statistics
According to the latest data from the World Steel Association, crude steel production by Turkish steel mills in the first half of the year was 19.7 million tonnes, up 20.2% from 2020, according to the latest figures from the World Steel Association. The Turkish Steel Producers Association (TCUD) expects the country’s crude steel production to reach more than 39 million tonnes this year, up from 35.8 million tonnes produced in 2020. This production figure for 2021 is historically high. This goal is in line with the projected growth of Turkish steel consumption in 2021 and the increase in exports due to global demand with a reduction in the corona epidemic.
*** Turkish crude steel on the way up
The Turkish Steel Exporters’ Union plans to increase exports to more than 23 million tonnes in 2021, up about 2.5 million tonnes from the previous year. Revenue from these exports is projected to reach $ 17.5 billion, up 40 percent from last year. New Turkish steel investments announced in recent months could increase Turkey’s crude steel production to over 40 million tonnes in the coming years.
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